Zen and the birds of appetite

by Thomas Merton

Paper Book, 1968




[New York, New Directions, 1968]


Merton, one of the rare Western thinkers able to feel at home in the philosophies of the East, made the wisdom of Asia available to Westerners.

User reviews

LibraryThing member Arctic-Stranger
It is a shame that Fr. Merton died before his thoughts on Eastern religions and Christianity were fully germinated. Here Merton takes us on a tourist path through Zen, and shows places where he thinks there are commonalities between Zen and Christianity. He is not, here, working toward any synthesis.

A trappist monk once told that Merton would not have stayed in the Catholic church if he had not died. I don't know about that, but reading this and the Asian Journals gives an interesting picture of a man whose intelligence had a wide scope, and whose piety (that is a good word) an even wider scope.… (more)
LibraryThing member Neutiquam_Erro
This little set of essays on Zen Buddhism by one of the great Catholic thinkers of this century, a Trappist monk often associated with peace theology, is challenging and unique. It is clear the Merton is well-informed about Zen and approaches it from an open mind, seeking affinities between his faith and that of the Zen masters. I half expected a syncretic approach but, for all of his acceptance of ideas and concepts of Zen, Merton never compromises his essentially Christian view of the world. Rather, he embraces Zen mysticism; its apophatic approach to the universe and divinity; its rejection of the world and self; and he finds parallels in Christian life and thought down through the ages. He also describes his discussions with D.T. Suzuki in a way which clearly shows his delight with the man and his ideas. The dialogue between the two men shows the similarities as well as some of the differences in their thinking.

While most of the book elucidates Zen philosophy and relates it to western Christian thinking, a chapter on Zen and art rounds things out nicely. For anyone interested in Zen or Christianity this book will definitely be of interest. It has, in my opinion, the added benefit of pointing out the many parallels between Christian mystical and ascetic practices and Zen without confounding or conflating them.
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LibraryThing member cjbanning
I take it for granted that if you want to understand Zen, then reading the work of a Catholic monk is probably not the way to do it. Merton's account of a Zen which is radically divorceable from the Buddhist context in which it developed is almost certain to be appropriative. So it goes.

That said, Merton's account of a Zen Catholicism nonetheless remains a powerful vision of what a (completely orthodox, and perhaps at times too completely orthodox) Christian theological praxis centered on mysticism might look like--and has looked like over the ages, as Merton provides an extensive (if not quite comprehensive) overview of Catholic mysticism throughout history, and discuses how their insights fall in line with what he understands Zen to be. I stand convinced that there is even more need for Merton's (and the Saints') brand of experiential Zen Catholicism today, in an era when the modernist systematic theology and premodern superstition inherent in other forms of Christianity no longer speak to our postmodern times, then when Merton was writing half a century ago.

And while Merton's Zen Catholicism is focused on personal experience, it does not fall prey to the sort of radical individualism (ultimately narrowly focused on personal sin and individul salvation) which riddles and plagues Protestantism. Instead, the Church itself is able to play a key role both as the mystic Body of Christ and as the source of the Sacraments. Merton recognizes that "faith is the door to the full inner life of the Church, a life which includes not only access to an authoritative teaching but above all to a deep personal experience which is at once unique and yet shared by the whole Body of Christ, in the Spirit of Christ."

This book did and does much to confirm, deepen, and enrich my understanding of the rightful place of mysticism and mystic experience at the very center of Christianity (and, in particular, my own brand of liberal Anglo-Catholicism).
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LibraryThing member Michael.Bradham
Took many notes from this one. I referred back to them on rainy days many years ago.




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