THIS volume, as its subtitle distinctly states, is a study. In no part of it is any claim made to an all-embracing fullness or to philosophic completeness. In the first place, it is a study of the tradition that women were members of a subject sex throughout history. This tradition has exercised an almost tyrannical power over thinking about the relations of men and women, for more than a hundred years. In the second place, the idea of subjection is tested by reference to historical realities - legal, religious, economic, social, intellectual, military, political, and moral or philosophical.