WORKER HEALTH AND SAFETY IN SOLAR THERMAL POWER SYSTEMS, THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE SUBSYSTEMS

by UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES,

Technical Report, 1979

Barcode

CSP Unique ID 190684299

Status

Electronic Resource

Call number

**Click on MARC view for more information on this report.**

Publication

UCLA 12 1213 UC62; Report; October 1979.

Language

Library's review

ABSTRACT:
The effects of the use of thermal energy storage (TES) subsystems in solar thermal power systems (STPS) on operating failures and on worker health and safety are examined. Relevant near-and medium-term designs for TES subsystems are reviewed. Generic failureĀ· events are considered by an
Show More
event tree methodology. Three generic categories of initiating events are identified which can lead to release of storage fluids and other hazards. Three TES subsystem designs are selected for, and subjected to, analysis. A fluid release event tree for a sensible heat TES subsystem using mixed media organic oil/crushed rock and sand, designed for the Barstow, CA, 10 MWe pilot plant, is developed. Toxicology and flammability hazards are considered. The effect of component failures, including ullage and fluid maintenance units, on subsystem safety is considered. A latent heat subsystem using NaN03/NaOH as the working medium is studied, and relevant failure events delineated. Mechanical equipment failures including the scraped wall heat exchangers, are examined. Lastly, a thermochemical TES subsystem using S02/S03 interconversion is considered. Principle hazards identified include mechanical failures and storage fluid release. The integrity of the system is found to depend on catalyst and heat exchanger reliability. Dynamic response to off-normal system events is considered.
Show Less
Page: 0.1017 seconds