"The never-before-told story of one woman's heroism that changed the course of the Second World War In 1942, the Gestapo sent out an urgent transmission: "She is the most dangerous of all Allied spies. We must find and destroy her." This spy was Virginia Hall, a young American woman--rejected from the foreign service because of her gender and her prosthetic leg--who talked her way into the spy organization dubbed Churchill's "ministry of ungentlemanly warfare," and, before the United States had even entered the war, became the first woman to deploy to occupied France. Virginia Hall was one of the greatest spies in American history, yet her story remains untold. Just as she did in Clementine, Sonia Purnell uncovers the captivating story of a powerful, influential, yet shockingly overlooked heroine of the Second World War. At a time when sending female secret agents into enemy territory was still strictly forbidden, Virginia Hall came to be known as the "Madonna of the Resistance," coordinating a network of spies to blow up bridges, report on German troop movements, arrange equipment drops for Resistance agents, and recruit and train guerilla fighters. Even as her face covered WANTED posters throughout Europe, Virginia refused order after order to evacuate. She finally escaped with her life in a grueling hike over the Pyrenees into Spain, her cover blown, and her associates all imprisoned or executed. But, adamant that she had "more lives to save," she dove back in as soon as she could, organizing forces to sabotage enemy lines and back up Allied forces landing on Normandy beaches. Told with Purnell's signature insight and novelistic panache, A Woman of No Importance is the breathtaking story of how one woman's fierce persistence helped win the war"--
However, I found the writing style very dull. If I had tried to read this in print, I do not think I could have slogged through it. I listened to the audiobook narrated by Juliet Stevenson, and while I love her voice, even she couldn't make the dry text engaging. It is a testament to Virgina's story that I managed to finish at all.
Virginia Hall was a fascinating person. I can't imagine her strength and determination. Although the book was slow at times, it was well written and engaging. Overall, well worth picking up.
Mrs. Thatcher may have had Virginia Hall in mind when she made this statement. It certainly applies, even if her male supervisors seldom wanted to give her the credit she deserved.
Born into a well-to-do American family she attended Radcliffe and Barnard colleges, then went to study in Paris and fell in love with France. She really wanted to be an ambassador which was nearly unheard of at the time, but accepted clerical positions at the U.S consulate in Turkey. It was in Turkey, while snipe hunting that she actually shot herself in the foot. Gangrene set in and the leg had to be amputated. She was fitted with a prosthesis which she fondly referred to as Cuthbert and didn’t let it get in the way of what she really wanted to do which was spy for the British government (SOE) for the benefit of her adored France.
She was an incredible secret agent and the tale of her exploits on behalf of the Resistance offers up an inconceivable story. The high point for me was the segment where she led a group over the Pyrenees in the dead of winter, dragging her prosthetic leg, as they escaped from the Germans who were hot on her trail.
She was an amazing woman, who had no desire for recognition, just wanted to do her job. She eventually went on to work for the CIA but was dissatisfied with a desk job. She was meant for high adventure. She craved it. It’s unfortunate that women, regardless of their accomplishments, have to work so much harder than men to prove themselves. Virginia Hall is to be greatly admired.
The bad - the style quirk is that at the end of a seciton or chapter there would be some form of statement or rhetorical question in a short sharp sentence that would act as a lead into the next seciton, where the statatement would be immediately proven to be predictive. So an example might be end of seciton 1, "Things couldn't get any worse." Promptly followed by a new section in which something else comes crashing down. It was annoying an seemd to be trying to provide dramatic emphasis in a story that really didn't need any additional dramatic emphasis.
Putting that aside, it is a biography of a remarkable woman who came from a relatively well-to-do background who ended up being one of the most successful agents in France during WW2. She did some remarkable things, and that is before you count the disadvantages against her: female and with an artificial leg. She ought to be a poster woman, and yet I'd not heard of her before.
It's not necessarily an easy read, there is a fair amount of ill treatment of those around her who fall vicitim to some of the more unpleasant elements of the nazi regieme determined to chase her down, and then destroy everything she spent time trying to establish. After the war things get no better, with the CIA hardly being model employers.
There's a lot of detail pieced together here, when you consider that some records have been destryoyed, and some remain underwraps even now, there's quite a few gaps in the record. At times it gets a bit deferrential, lots of reminiscences that are entirely positive. No one is entirely good, there are always some rough edges, and one imagines that someone who managed to achieve all Victoria Hall did wasn't immune to that - she'd have had to have been. All in all it is a very interesting story and told, for the most part, reasonably well. I'm just note sure that the style and balance was necessaruly quite right.
Virginia Hall was a woman with a singular goal. As a United States citizen, when World War II started, she was determined to do her part to defeat Germany in its effort to obtain world domination. However, a few years before, while hunting, she forgot to set the safety on her weapon, and she accidentally shot herself, resulting in the amputation of her leg. Although she was fitted with a wooden leg which she handled very well, when she attempted to work with the Armed Forces, they did not want her help, nor did they believe that she could successfully accomplish anything in the war effort with her disability. In addition, she was a woman and work in the field was generally designated for men. Women were thought to be suited for different kinds of work and she was offered administrative jobs, but nothing to excite or challenge her. She wanted to do paramilitary work, organizing and working with guerillas and the resistance. Rejected by the United States, she sought work in England. When, at first, they rejected her also, she went to France and became an ambulance driver in the war zone. Eventually, however, she went to work for the British, SOE, the Special Operations Executive. She eventually proved herself very valuable, but as a woman, she never truly achieved the honor or glory to which she aspired or which she deserved. She was often passed over for missions that were given to men to execute, after she planned them. Still, she never really did seek recognition or glory. She only sought to organize the resistance movement to successfully aid in shortening the war and eventually prevent Hitler’s success.
Virginia worked in France with several identities and disguises. She organized bands of resisters, often losing many of them when they were discovered and often being tricked by those who betrayed them. Each loss was felt like a personal blow to her. Still, for the most part, she successfully impeded Germany’s efforts and helped to liberate Paris. Most of her effort was expended in the area under the control of Marshall Petain who ruled the Vichy government, an area that was promised complete freedom, but eventually was under the complete control of Hitler.
Virginia, known as Diane, La Madone, and other names, assumed various identities and disguises, always successfully disguising her disability, age and beauty. She distributed money, food and weapons, organzed guerilla groups and their efforts at sabotage, and organized unbelievably dangerous and difficult rescues of prisoners. Her own rescue from prison was daring as well. She was unafraid of danger and actually seemed to relish it. She risked her own life hiding and operating a radio that she used to pass coded information which was invaluable to the Allies.
Virginia arranged false papers, false identities, safe houses and dangerous escape routes. Often seeming superhuman in her efforts, once even hiking out of snow covered mountains with her artificial leg that she called Cuthbert, Virginia was a largely unsung heroine. However, though she herself, preferred not to be publicly lauded or given awards, she never did receive the honor or promotions she truly deserved. She did eventually achieve a Captain’s rank and a leadership role that enabled her to lead the resistance groups and their efforts more effectively. In addition to working for the SOE, she also worked for the State Department and the CIA in America. She was eventually awarded the Distinguished Service Cross by President Truman for her work with the OSS, the Office of Strategic Services which was the forerunner of the CIA, the Central Intelligence Agency. Late in life, she found love with Paul Goillot, a fellow resistance worker from Britain. Although smaller in stature than Virginia, and less educated, they were very compatible and eventually married.
The book contained too many names to keep straight without some kind of format to keep track of them, however the narrator did such an excellent job in her reading of it, that the possible tedious nature of the book as it described similar situations again and again was mitigated. Still it felt very long with its main theme concentrating on the lack of women’s rights in the armed forces, and in general. She was a woman scorned by the system, not because she was unqualified, but because of her gender. Her indomitable spirit won out each time as she constantly battled and persevered to accomplish her ultimate ambitious efforts. She was incredibly brave and far heartier than most men and women that were her equals. She was an asset to the war effort.
Not surprisingly, Virginia had to contend with bias and discrimination. She could often run circles around her superiors. She did not receive promotions and pay increases commensurate with those of male colleagues. And at the end of the war, when Virginia returned to the US as part of the OSS (Office of Strategic Services) and later the CIA, her track record was barely acknowledged and she was relegated to traditional female roles.
Virginia was awarded the Croix de Guerre by the French government, was made an honorary Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE), and received the Distinguished Service Cross from the United States. And yet, this decorated heroine’s story is barely known here in the US. I am grateful to Sonia Purnell for telling the story of such an inspiring woman.
This WWII history book is about a Baltimore socialite, Virginia Hall, who defied social conventions as a handicapped woman and became instrumental for the Allied forces in defeating the Nazism in France. Although Winston Churchill did not want women to directly confront the enemy, Virginia was able to convince him to become the first woman of the British spy organization, the Special Operations Executive, to be deployed behind enemy lines. Despite having a prosthetic leg, Virginia trained, financed, and armed a network of "farmers, schoolboys, and factory-workers" to become a network of French Resistance fighters engaged in information-gathering and sabotage. Although wanted posters for her arrest were on display throughout occupied France, her skills and intuition enabled her to avoid capture during her time in France. A well-researched biography of one woman's motivation, endurance, and persistence against sexism, which prepared the way for the Allied invasion on D-Day. This history should be on a reading list for anyone interested in espionage, WW2, or women emancipation.
She spent a few years in Europe, studying and traveling, and came home just before the stock market crashed. Based on her experiences overseas and her proficiency in languages, she decided to become a US Foreign Service officer. Her application was rejected–only six of the fifteen hundred officers were women. Still determined, she decided to try a different plan.
Fate intervened. Her beloved father, who was severely affected by the depression, died suddenly of a heart attack at age 59. In August 1931, she went to Warsaw to take a job as a clerk in the American Embassy. When the job didn’t provide the type of work she felt she deserved, she transferred to Smyrna. There she had a hunting accident resulting in the loss of her left leg below the knee. After several months of recovery, she was sent back to the US.
Within a year, she went to Italy where she impressed her bosses at the consulate. On her own volition, she assumed duties above her job description and pay grade.
Again, misogyny got in the way and she was unable to be promoted to a higher paying, more responsible position that matched her abilities. Secretary of State Cordell Hull ignored glowing reports from consulate in Venice and told FDR that her disability hampered her performance. “She’d make a fine career girl”remaining in clerical grades. FDR ignored his own career experience despite semiparalysis and didn’t pursue it.
After seven years with no pay raise and seeing her successors receiving higher pay and title, she resigned from State Dept in 3/39. She saw the beginnings of World War II and returned to France to help fight the Nazis, serving as a nurse.
France was in deep trouble, relying on outdated methods, e.g., carrier pigeons. The leaders, old timers, many apathetic, venal, and elitist, acquiesced to the Nazis and gave up their country in only six weeks. Many people in authority were afraid if they resisted, they would be caught and suffered greatly under the Germans. Some tried to impress the Gestapo were even harsher than the Germans were. Petain ordered French troops to fight against the Allies.
Eventually, Virginia began working for the British intelligence service but still based in France. She continued to face gender-bias though she was the most successful Allied female secret agent She was a pioneer of the European conflict, one of the chief pioneers in the field of clandestine warfare working to train, house, and supply incoming troops and help them escape to safer locations, even leading them across mountains in the winter. Without her, the Allies recapture of Paris could not have succeeded the way it did.
After the war, she never sought recognition though she received it from France, England, and, eventually, the US. Her shoddy treatment was later cited within the CIA itself as a textbook case of discrimination against women.
A WOMAN OF NO IMPORTANCE is a very detailed record of the work she did to help defeat the Nazis drive them out of Paris. It tells of many distortions and failures by the CIA, primarily by less than competent people put into positions of authority and the way the anti-Communist fever in the US brought many senior Nazis to the US. It also mentions how members of the French resistance were upset by US troops supplying German POWs with cigarette rations while they were unable to get any.
Tidbit: There was a children’s home in Le Chambon. The town saved the lives of 3000 Jews (children and adults) and became the only village in France to be honored by Israel as Righteous Among the Nations.
This book is not historical fiction, although I do indeed enjoy reading well written historical fiction.
This book lies somewhere between the two. And it is unfortunate while narrating incredible daring-do the author adds language such as, "could it even be"; "that is perhaps how Virginia would have wanted"; "perhaps it was Virginia's eagerness," and on and on. PERHAPS the book could have been written using fewer conjectures and more declarative sentences.