Compiled and Edited by Charles W. Eliot in 1909, the Harvard Classics is a 51-volume Anthology of classic literature from throughout the history of western civilization. The set is sometimes called "Eliot's Five-Foot Shelf." The interior of this book is a facsimile reproduction of the 1909 edition. Search for the other books in this series with the keyword hcbooks.
If you want a pretty decent picture of both the everyday lives of Greeks and Roman as well as an overview of ancient, you’d be hard pressed to do better than Plutarch. Writing in the late 1st century, Plutarch is about as close to a contemporary source as one could want. In the Harvard Classics collection of Plutarch’s Lives, we get a cross section of historical figures:
• Themistocles: Athenian general who saved Greece from the Persians in the 5th century BCE
• Pericles: Successor to Themistocles who instilled democracy into Athenian politics
• Alcibiades: Athenian statesman and general
• Coriolanus: Exiled Roman general who teamed with the Volsci to invade Rome
• Demosthenes: Greek orator who opposed Macedonian expansion
• Cicero: Roman politician and orator who revered Demosthenes
• Julius Caesar: Roman emperor who conquered most of Europe
• Antony: Roman consul who succeeded Caesar
Each of these men lived interested, entangled, and boisterous lives. At a time when Western civilization was emerging from the crucible of the Fertile Crescent, each of these subjects sought to direct the future of their worlds. Whether through words or wars, they put in a lot of effort to live lives that they thought were full of dignity, valor, and righteousness.
Plutarch tries to explore the character of each of his subjects, to search for both the good and bad qualities which help to put their actions in some context for the reader. Unfortunately, the writing in this edition is a bit stilted. It’s a 1969 reprint of a 1859 revision of an 1683 translation, so there’s not exactly a lot of modern narrative construction here. All in all, though, the material is very educational and will get you quickly versed in ancient history.